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The three theories of social change are evolutionary, functionalist, and conflict theory. Social change results from collective actions and a shared commitment to a better society. 

The three theories of social change are evolutionary, functionalist, and conflict theory. What is social change? According to sociologists, social change is the alteration of cultures, institutions, and functions. Change typically only happens in stages. In society, change usually occurs gradually. Numerous components and influences are in play, and several oppose disturbances to the existing state of affairs. Every organization experiences these sorts of changes at some juncture. You can be immersed in something other than historical studies to recognize this fact. Consider a contemporary society and compare it to how it appeared centuries ago. Frequently, society has undergone such transformation that it has become almost unrecognizable.

“Let The Playing Field Level the Playing Field” by Dennis Joiner

Dennis Joiner, who possesses a critical thinking approach, strives to bring clarity to a world filled with illusions. In his book “Let the Playing Field Level the Playing Field,” he presents a moving narrative about societal constraints and the potentially unavoidable weight of breaking free from those norms. His work delves into the importance of being conscious of socioeconomics.

It’s a moment to envision a future where science balances the socioeconomic landscape. Envision a scenario where everyone has access to ample food, proper education, and healthcare and where warfare is outlawed. Naturally, such transformative changes will materialize over time, but this kind of future might be within our grasp shortly.

When one comprehends virtue, acquires knowledge, discerns the distinction between information, and liberates oneself from anguish and suffering, the forthcoming chapters of life remain unwritten. While the future offerings remain uncertain, the inherent drive for communal advancement and growth, the intrinsic humanity within each person, and our shared quest for justice will compel us to strive for improvement.

Three Theories of Social Change


In the 19th century, the theory of social change through evolution gained significant prominence. Sociologists embraced Darwin’s evolutionary theory and applied it to the context of society. Auguste Comte, recognized as the “father of sociology,” propounded this evolutionary model. According to this theory, organizations are in a continuous process of evolving towards “higher levels.” Similar to how living organisms advance from simplicity to complexity, societies follow this pattern. Organizations that need to adapt more quickly avoid falling behind. This notion led many sociologists to infer that Western societies must be inherently “superior” due to their perceived “advanced” status.

Functionalist Theory 

The functionalist theory of social change compares society to a human body, where each part corresponds to an organ. As individual organs can’t exist in isolation, societal components are interdependent. Emile Durkheim, a significant figure in the social sciences, maintained that every aspect of society should coexist harmoniously. Society becomes vulnerable to collapse without this unity, akin to a heap of sand. When one segment faces difficulties, the other segments must adapt. This is because functionalist theory posits that society inherently moves towards stability. While problems are transient, they necessitate cooperation from different elements, resulting in social change.

Conflict Theory 

The conflict theory asserts that society is inherently characterized by inequality and competition. Karl Marx was at the forefront of introducing this theory. While he partly endorsed an evolutionary model, Marx did not hold that each phase of society’s progression led to improvement. Frequently, the wealthy and influential dominate society by exploiting marginalized groups. This generates tensions, motivating people to take action. Consequently, social change emerges. Over time, the conflict model has evolved and is now encompassed within other theories like feminist theory, queer theory, and critical race theory.

Ways to Bring About Positive Transformations in Society

Raise Awareness

Education and awareness play a pivotal role in driving change. Sharing information about social issues through discussions, workshops, and social media helps people understand the need for change and encourages them to take action.

Advocate for Policies

Working towards policy changes is a powerful avenue for social transformation. Engaging with policymakers, supporting or creating petitions, and participating in advocacy campaigns can lead to laws and regulations that address societal challenges.

Volunteer and Engage

Getting involved in community service and volunteering initiatives allows individuals to contribute to social change directly. Whether helping those in need, participating in local projects, or joining grassroots organizations, your efforts can make a significant difference.

Promote Inclusivity

Encouraging inclusivity and diversity fosters a more equitable society. By supporting and respecting people from all walks of life, we create an environment where everyone’s voices are heard and valued.

Consumer Choices

Making conscious consumer choices can drive change in industries and markets. Supporting ethical and sustainable businesses sends a message that people prioritize social responsibility and encourages other companies to follow suit.

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